Sculpture is a form of public art which is 3-dimensional in design that is created by combing and/or shaping any variety of materials, hard or soft. One such material used in sculpture is bronze, as in Rodin‘s “The Thinker.” Also, sculptures may be figurative, such as replicating a human or animal form, as in Michelangelo‘s “Pieta“ and “David.” Some sculptures may even be so large that they can be found outdoor, as in many works by Henry Moore. The modern sculpture artists named here are famous for their skills in creating awe-inspiring sculpture.
Artist Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni, better known as Michelangelo, is famous for his beautiful figurative sculptures “Pieta” and “David.” Michelangelo entered the world on March 6, 1475 in Caprese, Tuscany. He created his artwork during the time period known as the High Renaissance movement, the time period between 1450 and 1527. Michelangelo’s “Pieta,” completed in 1495 and “David,” completed in 1504, are characteristic of sculpture during the High Renaissance, displaying the balance between static and the movement of the life-like figures. Michelangelo also was an apprentice to artist Domenico Ghirlandaio. Although wealthy, he lived life as of a poor man and at the age of 88, Michelangelo passed away in Rome on February 18, 1564 where he was designing the cupola drum of Saint Peter’s.
Auguste Rodin, an artist greatly inspired by the works of Michelangelo, is famed for his figurative bronze sculpture “The Thinker” and other works during the Bronze Age. Rodin was born on November 12, 1840 in Paris, France. His first full-scale work, “The Age of Bronze,” completed in 1877, baffled people due to the fact that there was no historical or religious significance of the work. Rodin was accused of surmoulage, or taking a cast from a living model, due to the realistic nature of his masterpiece. As a result, Rodin’s next work-of-art, “St. John the Baptist Preaching,” was created larger-than-life at 6 feet 7 inches tall. Later, between 1879 and 1889, Rodin’s most famed work-of-art, “The Thinker,” was completed as part of “The Gates of Hell.” “The Gates of Hell” was commissioned in 1880 as a portal for the Museum of Decorative Arts in Paris. The work, “The Gates of Hell,” was never completed. Other bronze works from Rodin include “The Burghers of Calais,” which was displayed outdoor in 1889. On November 17, 1917, at the age of 77, Auguste Rodin died as a world-famous bronze sculpture artist.
Another great bronze sculptor is Henry Moore, an English sculptor, who is famous for his larger-than-life abstract outdoor sculptures. Henry Moore was born on July 30, 1898 in Castleford, West Yorkshire, England. At the tender age of eleven, Moore became inspired by the works of Michelangelo to become a sculptor himself. Moore’s earlier works were inspired by the Victorian style. He later got tired of the classical ideals and became influenced by the primitive style of direct carving. In July of 1929, Henry Moore married Irina Radetsky, a painting student at the Royal College of Art where he was teaching. Moore then made a gradual transition from direct carving to bronze casting. The artist’s wife suffered many miscarriages which eventually resulted in a great new inspiration for his artwork, the birth of their daughter in March of 1946. The result was many bronze mother-and-child sculptures. Henry Moore is mostly known for his outdoor reclining figures, such as “Reclining Figure,” an abstract female figure which was completed in 1951. Another typical work-of-art by Henry Moore is the bronze “Die Liegende” located in Stuttgart. Moore’s bronze works were cast using the lost wax technique. After being a major contributor to Modernism and creating many reclining figures into the 1980’s, Henry Moore passed away in Much Hadham, East Hertfordshire, England on August 31, 1986 at the age of 88.
Each famous modern sculpture artists discussed here lives on in their amazing, aesthetically appealing, master-pieces. The very famous figurative sculpture artist, Michelangelo, appears to have been the greatest influence on both Auguste Rodin and Henry Moore. Auguste Rodin, influenced by Michelangelo’s figurative sculpture, used the medium of bronze to become one of the world’s most famous bronze roman sculpture artists. Michelangelo also influenced the world-famous outdoor sculpture artist Henry Moore, who incorporated bronze figures in his works. The art of sculpture is certainly a very diverse and intertwined theme.